Literary English

Navigation Guide for Students of English Literature

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pdf book parts of speech

PDF book “Parts of Speech” is a unique book that helps readers to understand  each part of speech in comprehensible way. Students who are in intermediate/graduate level or teachers who want to teach basic grammar to their students; they should go through it once.  The parts of speech that include in book are: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, interjection, and determiners.

Parts of speech

There are nine parts of speech in English grammar: Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection, and Determiners. There is also a detailed articles on each part of speech.

Definition and types of word

A word is a speech sound or a combination of sound having a particular meaning for an idea, object or thought and has a spoken or written form. There are many types of words.

types of sentence

A sentence is defined as a word or a group of words that expresses a complete thought. It may consist on a single word, a single phrase or a combination of word and phrases. 

english punctuation marks

Punctuation marks are the marks to show some special category of a sentence e.g., interrogative sentences are followed by a specific sign/mark: question mark and shows that someone has a question in a sentence or exclamatory mark are used to show emotions.


Capitalization Rules in English language are a little complex compared to other language writing systems. Capitalization is the way of writing a word in which the first letter of word is capitalized and other remain in lowercase. 

Active voice to Passive voice

Active voice sentences are the sentences where a subject of a sentence acts upon its verb on the other hand, Passive voice sentences are those sentences where a subject of a sentence is a recipient of a verb’s action. 

direct to Indirect Speech

In grammar, when we want to report what someone said, without speech marks and without necessarily using exactly the same words, we use indirect speech. It is also known as reported speech

What are auxiliary verbs or helping verbs

Auxiliaries or helping verbs are one of the types of verb in English grammar. Auxiliaries are basically helping elements that add meaning to the main verb in a clause or a sentence. Click here to continue reading…

What are Modal Auxiliaries Auxiliary Verbs Modal Verbs

In English grammar, Modal Verbs are bit confusing and students become perplex to use them in a sentence. Here is complete and elaborated way to use them easily in your conversations and writings.

Difference between will and would

“Will” and “would” are modal auxiliaries in English grammar that are frequently used in sentences and are a central part of English grammar. Click here to continue reading…

difference between shall and will

Shall and will both are modal verbs or auxiliary verbs and used with main verb to elaborate the function of main verb in a clause or sentence. Click here to continue reading…

would could and should

Would, Could, and Should are termed as auxiliary verbs or modal verbs and are part of our day life conversation. Like all other modal auxiliaries, would, could. Click here to continue reading…

can and could

Can and could are modal verbs and we use them with main verb to elaborate the function and meaning of the main verb in a sentence. Click here to continue reading…

Short English Phrases

An English phrase is a grammatical term that refers to a group of words that functions as a meaningful unit, but does not include a subject and verb in many cases. Now a days, English phrases are used commonly in conversations.  Click here to learn 200 commonly used English phrases.

commonly used english idioms

Idioms are the group of the words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words. Idioms do not match with surface meaning of the words but these are used very consciously in context of the conversation. 

how to describe a person

You want to describe  your favorite personality in an exam paper or in interview and lack vocabulary to describe behavior and look of him. Don’t worry! We have stuff for you to learn vocabulary to come over your weak area. We have multiple articles for you.