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PDF book “Parts of Speech” is a unique book that helps readers to understand each part of speech in comprehensible way. Students who are in intermediate/graduate level or teachers who want to teach basic grammar to their students; they should go through it once. Hope you will like it. The parts of speech that include in book are: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, interjection, and determiners.
A word is a speech sound or a combination of sound having a particular meaning for an idea, object or thought and has a spoken or written form. There are many types of words.
A sentence is defined as a word or a group of words that expresses a complete thought. It may consist on a single word, a single phrase or a combination of word and phrases.
Punctuation marks are the marks to show some special category of a sentence e.g., interrogative sentences are followed by a specific sign/mark: question mark and shows that someone has a question in a sentence or exclamatory mark are used to show emotions.
Capitalization Rules in English language are a little complex compared to other language writing systems. Capitalization is the way of writing a word in which the first letter of word is capitalized and other remain in lowercase.
Active voice sentences are the sentences where a subject of a sentence acts upon its verb on the other hand, Passive voice sentences are those sentences where a subject of a sentence is a recipient of a verb’s action.
In grammar, when we want to report what someone said, without speech marks and without necessarily using exactly the same words, we use indirect speech. It is also known as reported speech
An English phrase is a grammatical term that refers to a group of words that functions as a meaningful unit, but does not include a subject and verb in many cases. It is not a complete sentence but it has full comprehensible meaning like a sentence e.g. fair exchange is no robbery is an English phrase that has complete sense in meaning but do not include all essential elements of a sentence. Some of the English phrases are complete sentence but they do not have surface meaning but implied meaning e.g. a little bird told me.
Idioms are the most commonly used words that we read and hear across our daily life conversation. Idioms are the group of the words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words. Idioms do not match with surface meaning of the words but these are used very consciously in context of the conversation.