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There are nine parts of speech in English grammar: Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection, and Determiners. There is also a detailed articles on each part of speech.
A word is a speech sound or a combination of sound having a particular meaning for an idea, object or thought and has a spoken or written form. There are many types of words.
A sentence is defined as a word or a group of words that expresses a complete thought. It may consist on a single word, a single phrase or a combination of word and phrases.
Punctuation marks are the marks to show some special category of a sentence e.g., interrogative sentences are followed by a specific sign/mark: question mark and shows that someone has a question in a sentence or exclamatory mark are used to show emotions.
Capitalization Rules in English language are a little complex compared to other language writing systems. Capitalization is the way of writing a word in which the first letter of word is capitalized and other remain in lowercase.
Active voice sentences are the sentences where a subject of a sentence acts upon its verb on the other hand, Passive voice sentences are those sentences where a subject of a sentence is a recipient of a verb’s action.
In grammar, when we want to report what someone said, without speech marks and without necessarily using exactly the same words, we use indirect speech. It is also known as reported speech