Parts of Speech in English Grammar

There are nine parts of speech in English grammar: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, interjection and determiners. Some writers and websites count only eight parts of speech and place determiner under category of adjectives. However, advance studies count determiner as a separate part of speech. These nine parts of speech indicate how the words function within a sentence. An individual word may function as more than one part of speech when used in various sentences. Study of part of speech is bit complex because one word may fall into many categories. Look at below examples to understand the concept.

 (1) Ali loves singing. 

 (2) Ali is singing. 

In above examples the word ‘singing’ is used twice but the function of the word ‘singing’ is separate in both sentences so this word is gerund noun in first sentence and verb in second sentence. 

In the same way a word can be an adjective and an adverb at a same time. Actually the function of the word in a sentence decides about the word that in which category it falls. 

Here are nine parts of speech elaborated in an easy way including all types. You can follow links below to read about any part of speech. 

You can find a link to download free PDF book on Parts of Speech at the end of this page. There is also a mega quiz on end of the page to test your understanding on parts of speech.
definition and types of noun

A noun is a word used for a place, person, or thing. Everything, which has a name and we talk about it, is a noun. Everything is donated by a name and that naming word is called a “noun”. Continue reading…

definition and types of pronoun

Pronoun is defined as a word that replaces a noun in a sentence. It takes place of a noun. Read out full article understand definition of pronoun and types of pronoun with examples in an elaborated way. Continue reading…

Definition of verb

Verb is the most important part of any sentence. A sentence does not make sense without a verb in it. There are some instants where a one-word answer can make up for a whole sentence; like, yes or indeed, etc. Continue reading…

Definition and types of adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. It provides us with further information about a verb, adjective or another adverb. Continue reading…

definition and types of adjective

An adjective is defined a word which gives information about a noun, pronoun, or a noun phrase. It gives additional information about a noun or pronoun. It shows the quality, kind, or degree of a noun. Continue reading…

Definition and types of preposition

Prepositions are the words that we put before nouns or pronouns. These denote in what relation the person or thing indicated by it exists, in relation to something else. Continue reading…

Definition of conjunction and types of conjunction

The word Conjunction means union, concurrence or coexistence. Let us look at the definition of Conjunction. Conjunctions are simply words that join sentences, clauses and sometimes words. Continue reading…

Definition and types of interjection

Interjections are the words or group of words that are used to express and exclaim extreme emotions. These words are always used with an exclamation mark. Interjections do not have any grammatical function in a sentence. Continue reading…

Definition and types of determiner

Determiners are the words that are placed before nouns or adjectives to introduce them. These are different from adjectives because they are just used for introduction of nouns while adjectives give additional information about nouns. Continue reading…