Weather and Climate Vocabulary
Meaning: Avalanche is an ice or snow in large quantity that slides suddenly down the side of a mountain.
Example: An avalanche buried their car but luckily, they remained safe.
Meaning: An instrument that is used to measure air pressure and speed
Example: The air speed is 50 knots on barometer.
Meaning: A heavy snowstorm that goes for a long time
Example: We postponed our hiking plan due to weather forecast for blizzard.
Meaning: A light gentle wind
Example: We have a walk daily along seashore to enjoy cool breeze.
Example: It is a bit chilly outside, so I think you should stay inside.
Meaning: When there are no clouds and blue sky is visible
Example: In our country, weather remains normally clear.
Meaning: Sky covered with clouds.
Example: I love cloudy weather in summer season specially.
Meaning: Cyclone is a powerful and destructive storm with high wind that turn around an area of low pressure.
Example: An Indian ship, along with nine passengers, drowned in the sea by a cyclone.
Meaning: Drops of water formed on grass and trees at night
Example: The grass of whole ground is wet with dew.
Meaning: A light rain
Example: When I wake up, there was drizzling outside so I slept again.
Meaning: A long period with no or little rainfall
Example: There was a long period of draught so that there was a fear of damage to crops.
Meaning: A large overflow of rainwater
Example: Due to heavy rain, the level of water has risen to flood level.
Meaning: Many small water vapors in the air that blocks one’s vision
Example: We cannot see the tower because there is too much fog.
Meaning: Covered with fog
Example: It is foggy outside, so drive carefully.
Forecast (n) (v)
Meaning: Prediction of weather for the future
Example: Meteorologists forecast that in next week there will be no rain.
Meaning: A thin layer of frozen water or ice that forms on the ground or on grass when air becomes cold
Example: The grass was covered with frost and was looking shiny.
Meaning: Small balls/lumps/pieces of snow/ice that fall during a rain
Example: There was so much hail that some of car’s windscreens were broken.
Heat stroke (n)
Meaning: A serious condition that happens when someone spend too long in the sun that causes a person to stop sweating and high temperature of body
Example: Drink plenty of water and wear a hat to avoid heat stroke in hot weather.
Heat wave (n)
Meaning: A long period of unusually hot weather
Example: During the heat wave, many people died due to heat stroke.
Meaning: A lot of moisture in the air
Example: The air was so humid that our clothes became wet during walk.
Meaning: The amount of moisture in the air
Example: It feels a lot hotter than it actually is because of the humidity.
Meaning: A tropical storm with very powerful and destructive wind and rain
Example: The hurricane flattened half of the buildings on the island.
Meaning: Slippery because of covered with ice
Example: The road was icy so it took us four hour to reach home.
Meaning: An electrical discharge with a heavy flash between a cloud and the ground
Example: It is very dangerous to go into swimming pools during lightening.
Meaning: Temperature that is bit warm than average (normally in a cold season)
Example: It is quite mild out so I did not bother a long walk.
Meaning: A person who studies weather sciences
Example: The meteorologist predicted that the heat wave will be over by Monday.
Meaning: A department that deals with weather updates and forecasting
Example: Now a day’s meteorology is predicting very accurate forecasting.
Partly cloudy (adj+adv)
Meaning: A term frequently used in a weather forecast to indicate that the sky is cloudy and sunny at the same time
Example: Next week’s forecast is partly cloudy in hilly areas and clear over sea.
Meaning: A band of seven colours formed on the sky after a rainfall
Example: Children took many pictures of rainbow sight after rain.
Meaning: Shower is a rain bit more than drizzling and less than torrential rain. It is likely a shower in the bathroom.
Example: Today morning drizzling changed into shower and remained for two hours.
Meaning: Frozen drops of rain due to below freezing temperature
Example: Driving is very dangerous when snow turns to sleet.
Meaning: Snow on the ground partly melted due to rain
Example: The slush covered the footpath.
Meaning: A dirty cloud by mixture of fog and smoke
Example: The town’s smog was so bad that it prevailed until noon.
Meaning: Soft, white pieces of frozen water of rain in cold weather
Example: The snow blanketed the trees in the town.
Meaning: Falling of snow
Example: It is already snowing up in the town, so you should here until the snow is over.
Meaning: A powerful and strong wind with snow
Example: Whole market was closed because of the snowstorm.
Meaning: The sun’s rays or light
Example: Let us go outside and enjoy sunshine until it is over.
Meaning: A bright sunlight, full of sunshine
Example: We should choose a sunny place for lunch.
Meaning: A violent and destructive spinning windstorm that moves around a central point
Example The tornado picked up all in its path, including vehicles and animals
Torrential rain (n)
Meaning: A heavy rain without storm
Example in a sentence: Motorway police stopped all the transport at motorway entrance due to torrential rain.
Meaning: A very high and large wave in the ocean that is usually caused by earthquake under the sea
Example in a sentence: Government closed all seashore picnic points due to expected tsunami in the ocean.
Meaning: Very loud sound caused by flashing and lightening of clouds during rain
Example: Children put fingers in their ears because of thundering clouds.
Meaning: A storm with rain and heavy lightening and thundering
Example: Always close windows before thunderstorm.
Meaning: An extremely powerful and destructive storm that especially occur in the region of the China Sea
Example: Three ships sank by a powerful typhoon.
Meaning: Blowing wind outside more than usual
Example: It is too windy to play badminton.