Weather and Climate Vocabulary

Weather and Climate Vocabulary

Weather and Climate Vocabulary in English

Well! You are at right place to learn weather and climate vocabulary. In this article you will find suitable vocabulary to describe a weather in wording. look at the sentence below.

The light drizzling at morning changed into shower and after few moments, with a loud thunder, torrential rain started.

How weather was described in above sentence in a beautiful way using suitable vocabulary for weather. 

Here is vocabulary for weather and climate

Avalanche (n)

Meaning: Avalanche is an ice or snow in large quantity that slides suddenly down the side of a mountain.

Example: An avalanche buried their car but luckily, they remained safe.

Barometer (n)

Meaning: An instrument that is used to measure air pressure and speed

Example: The air speed is 50 knots on barometer.

Blizzard (n)

Meaning: A heavy snowstorm that goes for a long time

Example: We postponed our hiking plan due to weather forecast for blizzard.

Breeze (n)

Meaning: A light gentle wind

Example: We have a walk daily along seashore to enjoy cool breeze.

Chilly (adj)

Meaning: Cold

Example: It is a bit chilly outside, so I think you should stay inside.

Clear (adj)

Meaning: When there are no clouds and blue sky is visible

Example: In our country, weather remains normally clear.

Cloudy (adj)

Meaning: Sky covered with clouds.

Example: I love cloudy weather in summer season specially.

Cyclone (n)

Meaning: Cyclone is a powerful and destructive storm with high wind that turn around an area of low pressure.

Example: An Indian ship, along with nine passengers, drowned in the sea by a cyclone.

Dew (n)

Meaning: Drops of water formed on grass and trees at night

Example: The grass of whole ground is wet with dew.

Drizzling (v)

Meaning: A light rain

Example: When I wake up, there was drizzling outside so I slept again.

Drought (n)

Meaning: A long period with no or little rainfall

Example: There was a long period of draught so that there was a fear of damage to crops.

Flood (n)

Meaning: A large overflow of rainwater

Example: Due to heavy rain, the level of water has risen to flood level.

Fog (n)

Meaning: Many small water vapors in the air that blocks one’s vision

Example: We cannot see the tower because there is too much fog.

Foggy (adj)

Meaning: Covered with fog

Example: It is foggy outside, so drive carefully.

Forecast (n) (v)

Meaning: Prediction of weather for the future

Example: Meteorologists forecast that in next week there will be no rain.

Frost (n)

Meaning: A thin layer of frozen water or ice that forms on the ground or on grass when air becomes cold

Example: The grass was covered with frost and was looking shiny.

Hail (n)

Meaning: Small balls/lumps/pieces of snow/ice that fall during a rain

Example: There was so much hail that some of car’s windscreens were broken.

Heat stroke (n)

Meaning: A serious condition that happens when someone spend too long in the sun that causes a person to stop sweating and high temperature of body

Example: Drink plenty of water and wear a hat to avoid heat stroke in hot weather.

Heat wave (n)

Meaning: A long period of unusually hot weather

Example: During the heat wave, many people died due to heat stroke.

Humid (adj)

Meaning: A lot of moisture in the air

Example: The air was so humid that our clothes became wet during walk.

Humidity (n)

Meaning: The amount of moisture in the air

Example: It feels a lot hotter than it actually is because of the humidity.

Hurricane (n)

Meaning: A tropical storm with very powerful and destructive wind and rain

Example: The hurricane flattened half of the buildings on the island.

Icy (adj)

Meaning: Slippery because of covered with ice

Example: The road was icy so it took us four hour to reach home.

Lightening (noun)

Meaning: An electrical discharge with a heavy flash between a cloud and the ground

Example: It is very dangerous to go into swimming pools during lightening.

Mild (adj)

Meaning: Temperature that is bit warm than average (normally in a cold season)

Example: It is quite mild out so I did not bother a long walk.

Meteorologist (n)

Meaning: A person who studies weather sciences

Example: The meteorologist predicted that the heat wave will be over by Monday.


Meaning: A department that deals with weather updates and forecasting

Example: Now a day’s meteorology is predicting very accurate forecasting.

Partly cloudy (adj+adv)

Meaning: A term frequently used in a weather forecast to indicate that the sky is cloudy and sunny at the same time

Example: Next week’s forecast is partly cloudy in hilly areas and clear over sea.

Rainbow (n)

Meaning: A band of seven colours formed on the sky after a rainfall

Example: Children took many pictures of rainbow sight after rain.

Shower (n)

Meaning: Shower is a rain bit more than drizzling and less than torrential rain. It is likely a shower in the bathroom.

Example: Today morning drizzling changed into shower and remained for two hours.

Sleet (n)

Meaning: Frozen drops of rain due to below freezing temperature

Example: Driving is very dangerous when snow turns to sleet.

 Slush (n)

Meaning: Snow on the ground partly melted due to rain

Example: The slush covered the footpath.      

Smog (n)

Meaning: A dirty cloud by mixture of fog and smoke

Example: The town’s smog was so bad that it prevailed until noon.

Snow (n)

Meaning: Soft, white pieces of frozen water of rain in cold weather

Example: The snow blanketed the trees in the town.

Snowing (v)

Meaning: Falling of snow

Example: It is already snowing up in the town, so you should here until the snow is over.

Snowstorm (n)

Meaning: A powerful and strong wind with snow

Example: Whole market was closed because of the snowstorm.

Sunshine (n)

Meaning: The sun’s rays or light

Example: Let us go outside and enjoy sunshine until it is over.

Sunny (adj)

Meaning: A bright sunlight, full of sunshine

Example: We should choose a sunny place for lunch.

Tornado (n)

Meaning: A violent and destructive spinning windstorm that moves around a central point

Example The tornado picked up all in its path, including vehicles and animals

Torrential rain (n)

Meaning: A heavy rain without storm

Example in a sentence: Motorway police stopped all the transport at motorway entrance due to torrential rain.

Tsunami (n)

Meaning: A very high and large wave in the ocean that is usually caused by earthquake under the sea

Example in a sentence: Government closed all seashore picnic points due to expected tsunami in the ocean.

Thunder (n)

Meaning: Very loud sound caused by flashing and lightening of clouds during rain

Example: Children put fingers in their ears because of thundering clouds.

Thunderstorm (n)

Meaning: A storm with rain and heavy lightening and thundering

Example: Always close windows before thunderstorm.

Typhoon (n)

Meaning: An extremely powerful and destructive storm that especially occur in the region of the China Sea

Example: Three ships sank by a powerful typhoon.

Windy (adj)

Meaning: Blowing wind outside more than usual

Example: It is too windy to play badminton.